Differences Between Catabolism and Anabolism

CharacteristicCatabolismAnabolism
IntroductionIt is a metabolic chemical reaction that breaks down complicated compounds into smaller, simpler molecules.It is a metabolic chemical process that creates the chemicals needed for the body’s energy to perform various tasks.
EnergyIn this state, the body expends energy in a variety of ways.The body requires energy to maintain an anabolic state in this state. The primary source is nutrition.
Energy ConversionEnergy is transformed from potential to kinetic energy during catabolism.Energy is transformed from kinetic to potential energy during anabolism.
Effect on Human BodyCatabolism is a metabolic process that aids in the burning of fats and calories.Anabolism aids in the provisioning and preservation of tissues, as well as muscle growth.
Oxygen UsageCatabolism is a metabolic process that makes use of oxygen.When compared to catabolism, anabolism uses less oxygen.
FunctionalityDuring activities, catabolism is active.During rest or sleep, anabolism is active.
RoleIn metabolism, the principal duty is destruction.In metabolism, building is the most important duty.
HormonesAdrenaline, cytokines, cortisol, and glucagon are the hormones that cause this condition.Oestrogen, testosterone, growth hormone, and insulin are the hormones that cause this condition.
ExerciseWorkouts that are catabolic are usually aerobic exercises. The body burns calories and fat in this way.Most anabolic exercises are anaerobic in nature. The body builds muscular mass in this way.
ExampleProteins become amino acids, glycogen becomes glucose, and triglycerides form fatty acids as a result of this chemical reaction.Amino acids produce proteins, glucose becomes glycogen, and fatty acids become triglycerides in this chemical reaction.