12 Difference Between Reducing Sugar And Non Reducing Sugar With Examples

What is Reducing Sugar? A reducing agent is a compound (like sugar) or an element (like calcium) that loses an electron to another chemical type in a redox chemical reaction. Reducing sugars, like glucose and lactose, have free ketone or aldehyde functional groups, which enable the formation of a hemiacetal, a carbon connected to two … Read more 12 Difference Between Reducing Sugar And Non Reducing Sugar With Examples

Difference Between Valence Bond Theory And Molecular Orbital Theory

A molecular orbital is an orbital or wave function of a molecule’s electron. The function may be used to calculate the probability of finding an electron within a specified space or to predict the molecule’s chemical and physical properties. Robert Mulliken introduced the term “orbital” in 1932 to describe a one-electron orbital wave function. Electrons around a molecule can … Read more Difference Between Valence Bond Theory And Molecular Orbital Theory

Transgenic Animals: Methods Of Production, Examples & Applications

What are Transgenic Animals? Transgenic means that one or more DNA sequences from another species have been introduced by artificial means. Animals usually are made transgenic by having a small sequence of foreign DNA injected into a fertilized egg or developing embryo. Transgenic animals are animals which have been genetically transformed by splicing and inserting … Read more Transgenic Animals: Methods Of Production, Examples & Applications

Biochemical Test of Clostridium botulinum

By Prof Moses Joloba Basic Characteristics Properties (Clostridium botulinum) Ammonia Production Positive (+ve) 20% Bile Negative (-ve) Capsule Negative (-ve) Catalase Negative (-ve) Flagella Peritrichous Gelatin Hydrolysis Positive (+ve) Gram Staining Gram-positive H2S Positive (+ve) Hemolysis Positive (+ve). β-hemolytic Indole Negative (-ve) Milk Digestion Mostly Positive (+ve) Meat Digestion Mostly Positive (+ve) Motility Mostly Positive (+ve) … Read more Biochemical Test of Clostridium botulinum

Biochemical Test of Klebsiella granulomatis

By Prof Moses Joloba Basic Characteristics Properties (Klebsiella granulomatis) Capsule Positive (+ve) Catalase Positive (+ve) Citrate Positive (+ve) Flagella Negative (-ve) Gram Staining Gram-negative H2S Negative (-ve) Indole Negative (-ve) Motility Non-motile MR (Methyl Red) Negative (-ve) Nitrate Reduction Negative (-ve) Oxidase Positive (+ve) Shape Pleomorphic rods (coccobacillus) with rounded ends.Occur singly or in clusters … Read more Biochemical Test of Klebsiella granulomatis

Biochemical Test of Haemophilus influenzae

By Prof Moses Joloba Basic Characteristics Properties (Haemophilus influenzae) Capsule Strain-dependent Catalase Positive (+ve) Flagella Negative (-ve) Gas Negative (-ve) Gram Staining Gram-negative H2S Negative (-ve) Hemolysis Negative (-ve) Indole Variable Motility Negative (-ve) Nitrate Reduction Positive (+ve) Nitrite Reduction Negative (-ve) Oxidase Positive (+ve) Pigment Absent or yellowish Shape Coccobacilli or small regular rods Urease … Read more Biochemical Test of Haemophilus influenzae

Biochemical Test of Enterococcus faecium

By Prof Moses Joloba Basic Characteristics Properties (Enterococcus faecium) 40% Bile Salts Positive (+ve) Capsule Negative (-ve) Catalase Negative (-ve) Citrate Negative (-ve) Gelatin Hydrolysis Negative (-ve) Gram Staining Gram-positive H2S Negative (-ve) Hemolysis Variable 0.1% Methylene blue milk Positive (+ve) Motility Negative (-ve) 6.5% NaCl Positive (+ve) Pigment Negative (-ve) Shape Cocci Spore Negative … Read more Biochemical Test of Enterococcus faecium

Biochemical Test of Enterobacter aerogenes

By Prof Moses Joloba Basic Characteristics Properties (Enterobacter aerogenes) Capsule Positive (+ve) Catalase Positive (+ve) Citrate Positive (+ve) Flagella Positive (+ve) Gas Positive (+ve) Gelatin Hydrolysis Negative (-ve) Gram Staining Gram-negative H2S Negative (-ve) Indole Negative (-ve) Motility Positive (+ve) MR (Methyl Red) Negative (-ve) Nitrate Reduction Positive (+ve) OF (Oxidative-Fermentative) Fermentative Oxidase Negative (-ve) … Read more Biochemical Test of Enterobacter aerogenes

Biochemical Test of Pseudomonas aeruginosa

By Prof Moses Joloba Basic Characteristics Properties (Pseudomonas aeruginosa) Capsule Non-Capsulated Catalase Positive (+ve) Cetrimide Test Positive (+ve) Citrate Positive (+ve) Coagulase Negative (-ve) Flagella Flagellated (Single) Gas Negative (-ve) Gelatin Hydrolysis Positive (+ve) Gram Staining Negative (-ve) H2S Negative (-ve) Hemolysis Beta Hemolytic Indole Negative (-ve) Motility Motile (Unipolar) MR (Methyl Red) Negative (-ve) … Read more Biochemical Test of Pseudomonas aeruginosa