Formic Acid: Uses And Health Hazards

What Is Formic Acid? Formic acid or methanoic acid is the simplest member of the carboxylic/alkanoic acid series. It occurs naturally in stinging nettle leaves and insect sings such as stingless bees, wasps, puss moth caterpillar and some ants. It can be synthetically in industries or laboratories through processes such as: hydrolyzing formamide, hydrogenation of … Read more

Uses, Chemical And Physical Properties of Halogens

What Are Halogens? Halogen is a term that was derived from the Greek word ‘halo’ which means salt and ‘gen’ meaning producer. The term halogen therefore means salt producer. This is because they produce a wide range of salts when they react with metals. The name halogen was first proposed by a German chemist by … Read more

130 Laboratory Apparatus And Their Uses (With Pictures)

A laboratory is a special room or place that is equipped to facilitate scientific experiments, observations and for teaching science. Laboratory apparatus refers to the various tools, equipment, and instruments used in scientific research, experimentation, and analysis within a laboratory setting. These tools are essential for conducting experiments, measuring and analyzing data, and ensuring the … Read more

Different Types Of Electrodes

What Is An Electrode? The term electrode was derived from two Greek words; “electron” which means amber and “hodos” meaning a way. Electrode therefore, refers to an electricity conducting material that connects nonmetallic parts of a circuit such as electrolytes, air, semiconductors and a vacuum. It is simply the point where the current enters and … Read more

Five Different Types of Abiotic Factors

Abiotic factors refer to non-living physical and chemical elements in the ecosystem that affect living organisms in terms of growth, maintenance, reproduction and distribution. They’re at times called abiotic components. Abiotic factors can be classified into five main types namely: climatic factors, topographical factors, edaphic factors, air and chemical elements. All these factors are discussed … Read more

Hands-on Experiments to Teach Kids about Chemical Reactions

What are chemical reactions? Chemical reactions refer to a process in which one or more chemical substances are changed into one or more other chemical substances which have unique physical and chemical properties of their own. It is important to note that chemical reactions cause changes in the physical and chemical characteristics of the substances … Read more