Difference Between Neutrophils, Eosinophils and Basiophils

MeaningNeutrophils are one of the primary types of white blood cells, that evokes the immune response against any foreign particle attack in the body.Eosinophils are another type of white blood cells, that helps in fighting against disease and allergies.Basophils are such white blood cells that help to diagnose the specific health problems like autoimmune disease or other blood disorder, etc. in the body.
Nucleus shapeTwo-lobed nucleus.Bean-shaped nucleus.Multi-lobed nucleus.
LifespanThe neutrophils lifespan is 5-90 hours.The eosinophils lifespan is 8-12 hours.The basophils have a life span of 60-70 hours.
DiameterThe neutrophils have a diameter of 8.85 micrometres.The eosinophils have a diameter of 12-17 micrometres.The basophils have a diameter of 10-14 micrometres.
Colour while stainingNatural pink in colour.Brick-red in acidic stains.Dark blue in basic stains.
Presence in the blood cellsNeutrophils mark up to 40-75% of the total white blood cells.Eosinophils mark up to 1-6% of the total white blood cells.Basophils mark up to 0.5-1% of the total white blood cells.
Normal Range or countNeutrophils – 2500-8000 per mm3.Up to 0-500 per cubic millimetres (mm3) is considered as the normal range.Up to 0-300 per cubic millimetres (mm3) is the normal range.
DiseaseHigh level leads to neutrophilia and leukocytosis, while low level of neutrophils leads to neutropenia and leukopenia.The higher level of eosinophils leads to eosinophilia.If the level of the basophils increases, it may lead to hypothyroidism, myeloproliferative disorders, or autoimmune inflammation.
RoleNeutrophils vital role is in engulfing the foreign or toxic particles through phagocytosis.Eosinophils are the first one in triggering the inflammatory response during allergic disorders.Basophils prevent the immediate blood clotting, as it contains heparin (anticoagulant).