14 Difference between Flora and Fauna

DefinitionAll the plants of a geographical region are together called the flora.All the animals of a geographical region are together called the fauna
StudyThe study of flora or plants is called botany.The study of fauna or animals is called zoology.
One who studiesThe person who studies plants is called the botanist.The person who studies animals is called the zoologist.
CategoriesNative flora, exotic flora (foreign), agricultural flora (crops), horticultural flora (gardens), and weed flora (unwanted plants).Avifauna (birds), Piscifauna (fishes), Cryofauna (cold deserts), cryptofauna (yet to be discovered), epifauna (on the water surface), infauna (bottom of water body), microfauna (microscopic animals), macrofauna (visible animals), megafauna (very large animals), and meiofauna (stream bottom.
NutritionFlora consists of autotrophs due to the presence of photosynthetic pigments. They prepare their own food materials through photosynthesis.The fauna consists of heterotrophs due to the absence of photosynthetic pigments. They cannot prepare their own food materials.
Ecological roleThey are Producers.Primary, secondary, and tertiary consumers.
Cell WallCells are surrounded by a rigid cell wall.The cell wall is absent. Cells are surrounded by cell membranes.
ChloroplastPresent with chlorophyll.Absent
LocomotionGenerally non-motile.Generally, motile
ExampleMosses, ferns, pines, flowering plantsCnidaria, helminth worms, arthropods, molluscs, echinoderms, Pisces, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals.